Benefits and Expected Results of a Hematology Consultation

Hematology Consultation
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Introduction

A medical expert who studies, diagnoses, and treats blood problems is known as a hematologist. A patient may be referred to a hematologist by their health care provider if they are anemic, believe they have a blood disorder, or notice any irregularities in their blood test results.

Who Should Participate and what happens in the consultation?

If a patient exhibits any of the following signs of a blood disorder, a general physician may advise consulting a hematologist:

  • Heavy menstrual cycles
  • delayed blood clotting following surgery, injury, or wounds
  • Simple bruising
  • several nosebleeds
  • bleeding excessively from minor incisions
  • joints start to bleed
  • Weakness
  • breathing difficulty
  • crimson urine
  • enlarged lymph nodes
  • Low platelet counts cause localized skin rashes called petechia.

A doctor may also recommend the patient consult a hematologist if the patient’s blood test results reveal:

  • low red blood cell count that is unusual
  • low white blood cell count, which is unusual
  • persistent high white blood cell count 
  • drop in platelet levels
  • reduced levels of  clotting factors

These anomalies are not usually the result of a major sickness and can be brought on by several different things. Some of them could result from small illnesses or even as a side effect of certain drugs. However, they could also be a sign of serious blood diseases, therefore it is better to have a professional examine them.

The many blood problems that a hematologist can identify and treat include the following:

Anemia: Iron deficiency anemia is a dangerous disorder brought on by an abnormally low number of red blood cells, unusually excessive monthly flow in women, a shortage of iron in the body, or a vitamin B12 deficiency (leading to pernicious anemia). There are two more severe types of anemia. Aplastic anemia occurs when the bone marrow is unable to create enough red blood cells. In autoimmune hemolytic anemia, the body’s immune system kills red blood cells.

Sickle cell anemia: A person with sickle cell anemia, a genetic type of anemia, is born with extremely sticky red blood cells that restrict blood flow, causing excruciating discomfort or possibly organ damage.

 Von Willebrand disease: Von Willebrand disease, for example, is a hereditary blood illness brought on by a deficiency in the von Willebrand factor, which aids in blood clotting.

Polycythemia vera: A disorder called polycythemia vera causes the body to create an excessive number of blood cells.

White blood cell disorders: These occur when the body produces either too many or not enough white blood cells. Leukemia, myelodysplastic syndrome, and lymphoma are a few examples.

Leukemia: It is a type of blood cancer in which a white blood cell becomes malignant and starts to grow uncontrollably in the bone marrow. From there, the cancerous cells can travel throughout the body.

Hemophilia A and B- Low levels of clotting factors in the blood result in disorders hemophilia A and hemophilia B. These diseases cause unusually heavy or frequent bleeding into joints and impair the capacity of the blood to clot.

Blood clots – When they develop inside the body, blood clots pose major health hazards. They can cause a variety of ailments, such as pulmonary embolism (when the clot forms in one of the pulmonary arteries) and deep vein thrombosis (when the clot forms in one of the body’s deep veins), depending on where they are located.

After a consultation, the hematologist may be able to offer the patient a diagnosis and suggest a  course of action, or if the results of the general physician’s tests are insufficient, he may request additional tests to help identify the blood condition.

Potential issues and difficulties

A regular hematology consultation is risk-free and offers no issue to the patient. Even though the majority of laboratory blood tests are painless and safe, other procedures, such as a bone marrow biopsy, may be more painful. Additional issues  associated with this test include:

  • Anesthetic usage can cause an allergic response
  • Infection
  • Blood loss
  • an extended period of pain or discomfort at the biopsy site

The hematologist will offer the patient some pre-procedure advice to help prevent these issues. Attending a hematologist online consultation will also assist the patient in receiving the proper care for his blood-related condition. Hematologists frequently advise the following course of action:

  • supplementary iron intake 
  • Factor replacement treatment or injection of clotting factor concentrates for managing bleeding
  • Transfusions using frozen plasma

Blood-related conditions can result in major problems, such as:

  • aching joints
  • bleeding in the joints
  • bleeding within the intestines
  • bleeding in the brain

So, if you have any of the above-mentioned problems, consult a medical oncology hematology doctor to cure you in the best possible manner.

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